Electric mobility scooters are arguably the best devices ever invented for individuals who are mobile enough to operate a vehicle but find it hard to walk distances. Whether they have a disability or health problem, these men and women can move around and conduct daily activities on these vehicles, just like normal people. They are able to maintain physical independence while feeling confident about them.
Electric mobility scooters commonly use 12-volt batteries to power their motors and electrical systems. While front-wheel drive scooters have 12-volt systems and utilise one 12-volt battery, rear-wheel drive scooters are equipped with 24-volt systems and require two 12-volt batteries.
Specifically, batteries for electric mobility scooters are designed to provide a steady supply of power and to be discharged and recharged on a regular basis. They are considerably different from car batteries, which are designed to provide short bursts of power. In general, batteries for electric mobility scooters last between 12 and 18 months. This period can be further extended with regular charging, efficient usage and careful maintenance.
Electric Mobility Scooters Batteries
Three different types of batteries are used in electric mobility scooters. Lead acid batteries are the least expensive but require the most maintenance, as their electrolyte and water levels need to be checked frequently. In comparison, sealed lead acid batteries require no maintenance and are safer to use, as their seals prevent the acid inside from spilling and causing explosion. Finally, gel cell batteries are the safest and most commonly used in electric mobility scooters, despite the fact that they are more expensive and may have a shorter life than other battery types.
Batteries for electric mobility scooters can be recharged, using an onboard or external battery charger unit from standard electric power. In the first case, the charger is built into the vehicle’s base to allow the user to recharge the batteries at any place that has an electrical outlet, using a normal or extension cord for connection. However, the disadvantage is that if the onboard charger breaks down, then the whole vehicle will need to be taken in for repair.
On the other hand, external chargers require the users of electric mobility scooters to carry extra weight. Nonetheless, they can be easily repaired or replaced. Most importantly, external chargers have the capacity of charging the batteries away from the electric mobility scooters. This option is particularly useful during travel, as the batteries can be recharged without removing the vehicles from where they are stored.
When purchasing electric mobility scooters, the type and size of batteries used on a given vehicle should be carefully selected in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendation. The batteries should also be compatible with the charger to be used.